1. Medial refers to:
A. Toward the center of the body
B. The average range of motion measurement
C. The mid-section of a long bone
D. Being closer to the body
Answer: A. Toward the center of the body
2. Pronation and supination are terms used to refer to movement of which body parts:
Answer: Hands and Feet. Pronate refers to palm down. Supination is palm up – “hold a cup of soup.” Pronation is “pour is out. “For the foot, pronation refers to turning the foot such that weight is on the big toe inside edge of the foot. Supination is weight bearing on the little toe or outer edge side of the foot.
3. Dorsiflexion is to plantar flexion as adduction is to:
E. Lateral rotation
Answer: C. Dorsiflexion and Plantarflexion are opposites. Adduction and Abduction are opposites. Adduction is movement toward center of body. Abduction is movement away from the center of body.
4. A transverse fracture would be:
C. Into the joint
D. Involving the entire dorsal aspect of the bone
E. In multiple pieces
Answer: The most correct answer is A. A transverse fracture is in a horizontal plane.
5. Forward bending of the spine is also known as ___________. Backward bending of the spine is ___________.
A. Extension, flexion
B. Flexion, extension
C. Flexion, hyperflexion
D. Plantarflexion, dorsiflexion
E. Anterior, posterior
Answer: B. Flexion, extension